Some weeks have passed since the announcement of kaveau. I’m really proud and happy about this project because I received a lot of positive feedback messages and it has been chosen as one of the best Hackweek’s projects.
In the meantime I kept working on kaveau, so let me show you what has changed:
- rdiff-backup has been replaced by rsync.
- the setup wizard has been improved according to the feedback messages I received.
- old backups are now automatically removed.
- the code has been refactored a lot.
The switch to rsync
Previously kaveau used rdiff-backup as backup back-end. rdiff-backup is a great program but unfortunately it relies on the outdated librsync library. The latest release of librsync is dated 2004. It has a couple of serious bugs still open and, while rsync has reached version three, this library is still stuck at version one.
These are the reasons of the switch from rdiff-backup to rsync. This choice breaks the compatibility with the previous backups but it introduces a lot of advantages. One of the most important improvements brought by the adoption of rsync is an easier restore procedure: now all the backups can be accessed using a standard file manager, while previously rdiff-backup was needed to access the old backups.
Backup directory structure
On the backup device everything is saved under the kaveau/hostname/username path.
The directory will have a similar structure:
drwxr-xr-x 3 flavio users 4096 2009-09-12 18:50 2009-09-12T18:50:19 drwxr-xr-x 3 flavio users 4096 2009-09-14 23:07 2009-09-14T23:07:46 drwxr-xr-x 3 flavio users 4096 2009-09-14 23:30 2009-09-14T23:30:36 lrwxrwxrwx 1 flavio users 19 2009-09-14 23:30 current -> 2009-09-14T23:30:36
As you can see there’s one directory per backup, plus a symlink called current pointing to the latest backup.
Old backup deletion
Nowadays big external storage devices are pretty cheap, but it’s always good to save some disk space. Now kaveau keeps:
- hourly backups for the past 24 hours.
- daily backups for the past month.
- weekly backups until the external disk is full. Thanks to hard links’ magic, old backups can be deleted without causing damages to the other ones.
Plans for the future
Before starting to work on the restore user interface I will spend some time figuring out how to add support for network devices.
A lot of users requested this feature, hence I want to make them happy :) .
I’m planning to use avahi to discover network shares (nfs, samba) or network machines running ssh and use them as backup devices. Honestly, I want to achieve something similar to Apple’s time capsule.
As usual, feedback messages are really appreciated.